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Redating the reign of hatshepsut

Another great achievement of her reign was a trading expedition she authorized that brought back vast riches–including ivory, ebony, gold, leopard skins and incense–to Egypt from a distant land known as Punt (possibly modern-day Eritrea). In another effort to legitimize her reign, she had her father’s sarcophagus reburied in her tomb so they could lie together in death.

Thutmose III went on to rule for 30 more years, proving to be both an ambitious builder like his stepmother and a great warrior.

In 1903, the British archeologist Howard Carter discovered Hatshepsut’s sarcophagus (one of three that she had prepared) but it was empty, like nearly all of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings.

After launching a new search in 2005, a team of archaeologists discovered her mummy in 2007; it is now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

She sought to reinvent her image, and in statues and paintings of that time, she ordered that she be portrayed as a male pharaoh, with a beard and large muscles.

In other images, however, she appeared in traditional female regalia.

(Egyptian goddess of Truth, Justice and Order, amongst others is yet another of Hatshepsut's building projects within the temple complex of Karnak.

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Hatshepsut's images have been removed, but as can be seen in the above image by sdhaddow.

Late in his reign, Thutmose III had almost all of the evidence of Hatshepsut’s rule–including the images of her as king on the temples and monuments she had built–eradicated, possibly to erase her example as a powerful female ruler, or to close the gap in the dynasty’s line of male succession.

As a consequence, scholars of ancient Egypt knew little of Hatshepsut’s existence until 1822, when they were able to decode and read the hieroglyphics on the walls of Deir el-Bahri.

From then on, the 17th Dynasty took control of Thebes and reigned for some time in peaceful coexistence with the Hyksos kings, perhaps as their vassals.

Eventually, Seqenenre Tao, Kamose and Ahmose waged war against the Hyksos and expelled Khamudi, their last king, from Egypt c. If a Hurrian component did indeed exist among the Hyksos, an Indo-European component becomes difficult to explain, as Indo-European peoples only exercised a significant influence upon Hurrians in Syria after the Hyksos were well established in Egypt.

Comments Redating the reign of hatshepsut

  • Hatshepsut Resources - riversideg-h.

    Hatshepsut Resources. Go to Reading list KMT articles Computer resources Websites. Complete Reading. Redating the Reign of Hatshepsut…

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    Hatshepsut and Thutmose III Reconsidered Some Thoughts on the Nature of their Relationship, 1997; Some Problems with the Chronology of Thutmose III, 2000; Redating the Reign of Hatshepsut, 2002; Royal Fratricide Ancient Egypt's Dirty Little Secret. 2004. Bill has written several books, all of them are available on.…

  • Hatshepsut Article - "Redating the reign of Hatshepsut"

    A project to locate all possible Hatshepsut- related artifacts in museums and sites all over the world. Also to serve as an information sharing blog on all things.…

  • Creativity and Innovation in the Reign of Hatshepsut - Oriental Institute

    THe tHeban wORksHOp. Creativity and Innovation in the Reign of Hatshepsut edited by. José M. Galán, Betsy M. Bryan, and Peter F. Dorman. Papers from the Theban Workshop 2010. StudieS in ancient ORientaL civiLiZatiOn • nuMbeR 69. ThE ORiEnTaL inSTiTUTE OF ThE UniVERSiTy OF ChiCaGO. chicaGO • iLLinOiS.…

  • Sacred landscape of Thebes during the reign of Hatshepsut

    Cf. constructions in Karnak Gabolde, Monuments, passim and on Elephantine Bommas, Der Tempel des. Chnum, passim; Arnold F. The Khnum temple 2014–2015, 12–15; Arnold F. The Khnum temple 2015–2016, 30–. 34. 10 Cf. Petty, Redating the Reign of Hatshepsut, 6–10. 11 See e.g. Yoyotte, La date supposée du.…