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Dating legal documents

This is also known as OS (Old Style) and NS (New Style).

Counting was done in scores (a score = 20), so you will often come across something like this: xx iiij ( 20 over 4), which means 4 times 20, or four score, which is 80.

Compare this with the modern French word for 80 - quatre-vingts, ‘four twenties’.

Options backdating is the practice of altering the date a stock option was granted, to a usually earlier (but sometimes later) date at which the underlying stock price was lower.

This is a way of repricing options to make them valuable or more valuable when the option "strike price" (the fixed price at which the owner of the option can purchase stock) is fixed to the stock price at the date the option was granted.

So in 1752 these days had to be cut out of the year to make the adjustment.

Therefore Wednesday 2 September 1752 was followed immediately by Thursday 14 September.So documents written in the first year that Charles II was on the throne would actually be styled 12 Charles II. Jones (eds), ‘A Handbook of Dates: For Students of British History’ (Cambridge University Press, revd 2000).For more information about dates (including saints days, regnal years, religious festivals and terms of the law courts) see C. Top of page Arabic numerals were not used in England until the 16th century, and even after then Roman numerals continued to be used.England therefore remained 10 days behind the New Style Calendar.By 1752 England was some 11 days behind other European countries.In Scotland, 1 January became the official beginning of the year in 1600, the day after 31 December 1599.Some documents will be dated not by the calendar year but by the regnal year - how long the ruling monarch had been on the throne.In 1582 Pope Gregory XIII had reformed the calendar, then in use, known as the Julian Calendar (named after Julius Caesar).The Julian Calendar did not correspond exactly to the solar year.1752 was the first year in England to officially begin on 1 January.Until the Calendar Act of 1752, the year in England began officially on 25 March (Lady Day), and not 1 January (even though this was when New Year’s Day was celebrated).

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