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Consolidating companies with different year ends

If the equity balances result from income and expenses presented in OCI (e.g.

revaluation surplus), then it’s more appropriate to translate them at the rate at the transaction date.

This is different from the situation when they are in the UK’s books. The UK parent acquired a German subsidiary on 3 January 2015 when the subsidiary’s retained earnings amounted to EUR 4 000.

You still need to eliminate intragroup balances and transactions, including unrealized profits on intragroup sales and any dividends paid by a subsidiary to a parent. Just a small note: please, do not mess up a functional currency with a presentation currency. It’s a full IFRS learning package with more than 40 hours of private video tutorials, more than 140 IFRS case studies solved in Excel, more than 180 pages of handouts and many bonuses included. Its functional currency is in most cases GBP (exceptions exist), but this company can decide to prepare its financial statements in EUR or USD – they will be the presentation currencies.

It’s true that the standard IAS 21 is silent on this matter. Some time ago, the exposure draft proposed to translate the equity items at the closing rate, but it was not included in the standard. It’s a full IFRS learning package with more than 40 hours of private video tutorials, more than 140 IFRS case studies solved in Excel, more than 180 pages of handouts and many bonuses included.

It means that in most cases, companies decide whether they apply closing rate or historical rate. In my own past practice, I’ve seen both cases – closing rates and historical rates, too. If you take action today and subscribe to the IFRS Kit, you’ll get it at discount! Let me describe what’s the most appropriate in my opinion, but please remember, that it results from the practice and common sense, not from the rules (as there are none).

Be careful – this is the translation of a foreign currency payable to a functional currency, hence nothing to do with the consolidation.

Re-translated payable amounts to EUR 11 680 (10 000/0,8562) and the German subsidiary records the foreign exchange gain of EUR 50: When the German company translates its financial statements to a presentation currency, then the intragroup trade payable of EUR 11 680 is translated to GBP using the closing rate of 0,8562 – so, it amounts to GBP 10 000 (11 680*0,85618). The only difference is that there was no intragroup sale of inventories.

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